"Dome of a Home" - Dome House – Pensacola Beach – Florida, USA
This structure is a geodesical dome home, which besides being extremely comfortable, taking up relatively smaller place than a traditional home, and being extremely solid in all kinds of weather conditions, is also a very unusual yet stylish structure. From the inside, the guests are offered breathtaking views upon the ocean and the sea- being a spherical styled structure one can have access to a truly panoramic view of the nature’s beauties. The master mind behind the design of this Monolithic Dome is Bob Bissett.
The world's largest dome AT&T Stadium , also known as "Jerry's World". It has the world's largest column-free interior and the fourth largest high definition video screen, which hangs from 20-yard line to 20-yard line. The facility can also be used for a variety of other activities outside of its main purpose (professional football) such as concerts, basketball games, boxing matches, college football and high school football contests, soccer matches, and motocross races. Learn more : www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cowboys_Stadium
The Eden Project, located in Cornwall in the United Kingdom, is another dome masterpiece. The project includes two huge domes that are climate controlled to emulate different regions from around the world. One dome, for example, encloses a very warm and humid tropical environment that keeps the equatorial plants inside flourishing. Learn more : www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eden_Project
The benefits seemed obvious. Spheres enclose a maximum of space with a minimum of materials, and they don't require interior supports. Their aesthetic appeal for many people is undeniable; the high ceilings and open feeling can make them attractive, and it's easy to build lofts inside for partial second-floor space. The spherical design results in highly efficient and effective air circulation in both summer and winter. Less surface area makes these buildings less susceptible to temperature changes, and thus, inexpensive to heat and cool as compared to rectangular homes. The aerodynamic exterior means cold and warm air flows around the structure instead of forcing its way into the interior.
Here is some interesting solutions;
Monolithic dome construction utilizes concrete, rebar, and spray insulation, often with an oversize balloon is as a form. Monolithic domes are inherently strong, and resistant to earthquakes, tornadoes, hurricanes, and even bombs, as was observed in World War II.
Earthbags are an amazingly adaptive material, enabling the builder to create any shape - from conventional straight-walled houses to circular domes, to freeform walls. Earthbag construction is ideal for warmer climates, with lots of thermal mass to moderate house temperatures between day and night.
With earthship technology it is possible to build houses of many different shapes and sizes, including domes, from old tires packed full of dirt. These houses are often bermed into the ground on three sides to protect them from the weather, and sometimes the top is covered over with earth as well.
The best way to mass-produce low-cost, high-efficiency, disaster resistant dome homes may be to manufacture the components from polystyrene insulation, then stucco over the insulation. A Japanese company, International Dome House Co., Ltd. is now selling dome house kits.